Sunday, 24 January 2016


One Night @ The Call Center 

ON@TCC is written by Bhagat. It is considered as Self-Help book. 'Self-improvement' is term is modern name of 'Self-Help Book'. This kind of book help person to solving their problems all kind of literature is self-help. This kind of book take knowledge and anecdote from great book like, Ramayana and their holy books try to present in simple way. In this novel we found advice from above like call from God. Anti-traditional voice or DE traditionalism for example Radhika think about leave her mother in law and divorce Anuj, God also give permeation to Radhika to do, God agree with Radhika's decision self-help book deals with self-awareness and individuals performance. 

Manippean Satire Also known as varronian satire direct satire by author on society is known as Manippean satire. Author attests on institution not on Bossism by creating character of Bakshi. In tradition people think that old man in right but in novel Military Uncle are wrong in his idea that his daughter in low can't weak. Idea of Bossism is satirized in book. Character of Bakshi as boss is as villain. Manippean satire is always ante authority.

Popular literature is very famous among people. There is no cause and effect and lack of sustain plot. In popular literature generally there are shadow ideas, not deep philosophy and deep ideas. This kind of literature has no clear message. It never ended in clear cut ending. For example this novel is open ended and at the end of the novel writer told that if you wish God replace with Military Uncle you can read it on that way also. It is also love story, break up kind of story are normally found in popular literature. Here in this novel there is love story of Shyam and Priyanka.

Popular literature is very famous among people. There is no cause and effect and lack of sustain plot. In popular literature generally there are shadow ideas, not deep philosophy and deep ideas. This kind of literature has no clear message. It never ended in clear cut ending. For example this novel is open ended and at the end of the novel writer told that if you wish God replace with Military Uncle you can read it on that way also. It is also love story, break up kind of story are normally found in popular literature. Here in this novel there is love story of Shyam and Priyanka.

Narrative technique of Bhagat novel ON@TCC is very interesting rather than “life of Pi" by Martel. Bhagat use prologue and Epilogue. In this novel he also uses term dues ex machine through bringing God in the novel. Narrative technique of both the novels is same, but Bhagat try to present it in more interesting way. Other thing is that who is that lady? Who told story to author? At the end she says that if you want to replace God with Military uncle you can. Another is that lady is not one of six so another question that who is she? She told story to writer and writer tells the story through the character of Shyam.

“The Waste Land”

 “The Waste Land”

The poem “The Waste Land” is based on Christianity and faith in god. Eliot is believer of god, he use so many myth in this poem. At some point this poem is backward looking. Even his ideas are also backward and regressive. Because Eliot take help of Upnishada, Buddhism and Christianity for gating answer, solution of the contemporary problems or malaise. There is no doubt that all universal human laws are true. Eliot used all myth and historical fact as his weapon to prove his point.Friedrich Nietzsche is seems to be progressive and forward looking, when he gives solution of contemporary malaise. He believes in faith in self and concept of ‘superman’. Nietzsche believe that there is big different between modern malaise and mythical concept. In other words we don’t found our modern questions answer in past or in history (myth). 
Eliot believes that one must follows tradition for ‘salvation’. Sigmund Freud and Eliot both are opposite from each other. According to Freud for salvation one should be collective and individual balance, which should constantly take into account man’s primitive instincts. He says that there is no need of tradition for salvation. In this poem he talks about spiritual degradation and sexual perversion. He believes in ‘life in death and death in life’ the cycle of life.
We know that Eliot is also aware a bought Indian history, myths and Upnishada also. In this poem we found context of river Gunga, Upnishda, Prjapti and ‘what thunder said’. In thunder there are three type of ‘Da’. First ‘Da’ is data it means what we have given, be giver. When other gives their blood then we becomes happy. In other word their blood shaking or giving something makes us what we are today. Second ‘Da’ is Dayadhvam it means sympathies and empathies. Self ‘Ego’ is prison and it opened by ‘self’ only. Self is kind of master key for all kind of prison. Thread ‘Da’ is Damyata it means self-control and control over once passion and desires the life of senses. ‘The boat responded’. This all three ‘Da’ told by Prajapti to all mankind. Eliot use Shantih, Shantih, Shantih three time in the last line of the poem. It is symbolic one. It connects with absolute detachment for spiritual salvation. Eliot end it with hope that there is some good thing happened in ‘Waste Land’.

Film review of Midnight's children

Midnight’s Children

“Midnight’s Children” is novel written by Salman Rushdie. The film is directed by Deepa Mehta. The time of the novel and movie is during the partition of India and Pakistan. In the plot we found the story of three generation, story of grandparents, parents, and grandson. Mainly the story deals with, and tells the story of birth and life of Saleem. In film Saleem is the narrator of the story. We found that at the midnight there is birth of many other children, Shiva also. Two children take birth at same time and same hospital. One is belong to very rich family and one is from very poor. But nurse interchange both of them at that time rich become poor and poor became poor. We found that the use of ‘magic realism’ in this novel and film also. Sometime Saleem hears some kind of voice, it says that ‘we are your friends’ we are same like you’ ‘we born at same time’ (we all are midnight’s children). They all are magical children, and midnight’s children. That’s why the all hear each other, Saleem used to talk with them. One of them Shiva (is child with whom Saleem is interchanged) hates Saleem as he is child of rich family, so he used to fight with him. Saleem lives life of Shiva. At the end they both come to know that, they live each other’s life. Adam chilled of Saleem and Parvati also known as child of dignity. In the film Saleem speak one line that “I have much family and nonfamily”. Saleem leave his family and stared live with his mother’s sister and his uncle Zulfikar  Butto.

        When we applied post colonialism in this move, we found the birth of two children is symbolic. Here the birth of India and Pakistan. Politics of Indira is found behind the partition or in the birth of two states. In film we found one thing when partition of India and Pakistan, and the birth of Saleem and Shiva are going on, ‘something is going ending and something taking birth’ here two question that what is ending? And who takes birth? In the film nurse (she is Christian) interchange both child, then rich became poor and poor became rich. During partition of India and Pakistan British people plays vital role (they are also Christian).                                        

Tuesday, 19 January 2016

The Birthday Party- by Harold Pinter

 "Play Birthday Party"

The play ‘Birthday Party’ is written by Harold Pinter. This play is known as absurd play. But it is also full of deep philosophy of life. The sine of seducing of Lulu is coming in middle part of the play. But this sine shows nothing and so many things. We found in society this kind of things are happened everyday life. No one notes this kind of thing. Same in move he thinks that it is not necessary or not remarkable. This film is directed by Pinter himself, so he think that this seen was not important maybe this seen was not put in film version.
I have not read original text, but I have seen other film version of novel or play. I think that when we read text with feeling or emotion, with our own imaginative character and seen. When we watch movie of it gives sound effect. And through this sound effect of menace became strong. In a sense, all he gives us is texture the sound and sights of a world without structure; as we are shown clearly in the opening outdoor sequence of the film.  Which seems to be meaningless auction filled with visuals and inchoate sound? The sound of car is heard.
In move we found effect of lurking is gives danger felling. It is found when the game of blind man’s bluff was played in birthday party. It is also connected with the political game. But when we read we can’t feel that much lurking effect but when we visualize it, it essay became effective.
In play we found that Petey read newspaper to Meg. Petey hide himself behind it but newspaper, symbolically he hides himself but in real sense he faces the reality of society. Newspaper is kind of media who shows reality of society. In second seen we found that McCann cut newspaper. Cutting of newspaper is symbol of killing of time. At the last seen those pieces are hidden by Petey, it shows reality of Petey’s mind he hide something from his wife. Newspaper is symbol of communication. Husband and wife trying to make conversation, but it were unsuccessful. McCann rips newspaper in five equal parts.    
In the game of blind man’s bluff, it symbolized that man going in to darkness. Search for his identity or search for his existential identity. In this game glasses of Stanley were broken by McCann, it seems the vision of Stanly was changed by McCann. In film we found that camera is positioned over the head of McCann, through the camera we found that room is very narrow and it’s like cage. It also shows the narrowness of people’s mind.
Truth in art drama is forever elusive. Truth is that there never is any such thing as one truth to be found in dramatic art. This truth challenged each other, recoil from each other, and reflect each other. Sometimes we feel that we have truth for moment, then it slips through our fingers and it lost.
 This film is directed by Pinter himself so the characters all are appropriate.     


Saturday, 16 January 2016

My Presentation Video of Sem-3

 Presentation Video of Sem-3

 Presentation Video of Absurdity in Waiting for Godot and in Life

 Comparison of Hester and Mira

What is Orientalism?

Role of Institution in Language Study

My Seme2 presentations videos

Presentation video of Romantic Literature

Presentation video of Literary Criticism

Presentation video of Indian writing in English

Presentation video of Limitation of Cultural Studies

African Poems

African poems

1) ‘Once Upon A Time’  
This poem is written by African poet ‘Gabriel Okara’. In this poem we found that conversation between father and son. Poet deals with impact of globalization so called civilization. The life of human becomes mechanical and robotic life. All people run behind money. And in this race human becomes robot. Here in this poem poet talk about that the relation is remain formal, lake of trust and aspens of feelings. Even smiles also became plastic smile or artificial smile. Humans are doing all this things like hospitality, charity and other things only for sake of doing, not from their heart. People becomes formal some word are only for speaking like good bye, I really enjoyed your company, nice to meet you, come again and many other thing are spoken by for formality, not from heart. People use to wear mask, we found this kind of duel face rather we can says malty face of human being. They stared change emotions like they change their cloths (makeup of mind). Poetic persona tells his son about his glorious past and what is present. Poet tries to connect past and present, also generation gap of life of father and the life of son. Father says that “Once Upon A time I was like you.” Child is innocent and happy, his smile is original and he enjoyed his life, whereas father cannot do all this things through his heart. In past father also use to smile with their heart but now he cannot smile with heart, he smile with teeth. All this things are happened because of money and civilization. Poetic persona asked his son to teach me how to smile. He also longing for original and real life but he can’t. In this poem we found impact of civilization.

2)Telephonic conversation
This poem is written by ‘Wole Soyinka’. Poet deals with racism and relation of black and white people. Talk about first world country and third world country. A black man wont to perchance home (land) from white lady. There is telephonic conversation between them. Telephone is symbol of connecting people, it is tool of communication.  But here in poem it shows distance between two people and nation also. Lady represents first world country and black man represent third world country (nation). Here we found Frantz Fanon’s concept of “Black skin and white Mask”. In this poem both are rich, necklace shows richness of lady and black man won’t to buy home so it shows richness of black man. But lady over power man because she represent or belongs to ‘first world nation’.  Lady is colonizer and man is colonized. Location place (home) white colony and for Negro man it is kind of achievement. In this poem we found that lady asked several question, like ‘where are you from? How dark? Are you light or very Dark? After this there is a deep silent. Silent suggest so many things. Silent is ill manner silent. Here we have one question that who is really dark? Black man gives self-confection, ‘I am African’ and many other things. Word use by man “Madam” is shows man gives respect to white lady. I’m not fully dark, don’t go with my color, and in this poem we found that man give his identity to that lady. But lady not give her identity. At the end of the poem there is one line, “About my ears-‘Madam,’ I pleaded, wouldn’t you rather See yourself?” it shows that what men think and mentality of white lady. When we look at this poem with post-colonial perspective, how white people feel superior and black people are inferior. What white people think about black people? That they are always bad and cruel, black people are barbaric, uncultured and uncivilized people.

3)Refugee Mother and Child
This poem is written by Chinua Achebe. First poet introduce statue of ‘Madonna’, and gives refrains of Jesus and his mother. But in this poem poet writes about the real mother and her child. What is the situation of the mother (African mother). Statue of Madonna is illusion of reality. Generally smile of mother is sweet but in the poem, mother’s smile is ghostly looking. Poet also says that mother’s heart is always tender. Mother’s smile is ‘Ghostly looking’ because her child is dead due to diarrhea. Here we found what the condition of African slave is. Mother, she is not able to take care of her child in such kind of illness. The description of mother taking care of her child is like she make child ready for school. But she makes ready her child for tiny grave. Here we found that death of motherhood also. She not sent her child to school but she sends her child for burial. If the child is belong to rich family, child get proper care. Here in the poem death of motherhood and child.

4)New York
This poem is written by Leopold Sedar Senghor. Here poet try’s to show originality behind this glamour world of New York City. New York City is commercial capital of America.  Beauty of New York City is not warm but it has cold look. There is lake of humanity and feeling in city. Enjoyment of city is momentary only. The line “long-legged golden girls” it shows richness of the people (white people). The word ‘punch of Jaguar’ tell us about violence and cruelty inn city life. The poet talks about “Blue Metallic eyes”. How people live life rather we can says lifelessness and many other connotation is here. The use of the word ‘Frosty Smile’ this smile is smile of consumer’s society. The word skyscrapers, shows richness of city and also talks about the height of the same. In this poem there is one interesting line “lifting up Owl eyes in the Sun’s eclipse” here poet create atmosphere of night in the day. Owl and sun’s eclipse is the sign of something bad. In this poem we found “no child’s laughter” it means the father and mother have no time to play with their child. Another thing is child’s laughter is innocent; this word suggests that there is no innocent laughter in the busy daily life. The ‘Drum’ represents African culture and spiritual pulse of African traditional life. Poet use lion the bull and the tree, this three things reflect so many things. For example trees are cut down and started building factories and all other materialistic things. City becomes forest of cement and concretes. The word like “Black Blood” and “Oil of Life” it is paradoxical that the color of blood is read and it is necessary for life. Oil and blood are mixed with each other.

5)Mystic Drum
This poem is written by Gabriel Okara. The Drum represents African culture. We can say that is connecting with heart beats of poetic persona. Lady who smile’s behind tree is signifies so many things. She is an outsider. Lady thinks that she has more rich culture, but in real sense the colonized won’t have their Own culture. In this poem we found that men, women and fishes are dancing on the bit of drum. It shows the connection of nature and humans, that they are dancing together. It also shows how powerful mystic drum is? The African culture is connected with nature, the mystic drum invokes the sun, the moon, the river, gods and the trees began to dance. In the poem lady is outsider and colonizer also. She is standing behind tree; it shows because of industrial revolution the trees and forest are cutting down. Poetic persona says that the mystic drum is not beat loudly anymore. Because of industrialization, African culture destroys slowly.  It means the western people started ruling over Africa. We can say that lady is personification of industrialization. This is gift of colonialism and imperialism. Industrialization started sucking the land through their roots. The smoke comes from her lips is suggest how much pollution is done by industrialization.  In the poem we found that when drum is beaten men become fishes and fishes become men. But when mystic drum stopped beating men become men and fishes become fishes. It reflects that life become dry and mechanical.

6)Where I to choose
This poem is written by Gabriel Okara. Here poet tries to compare Adam and Black Negro man. Here poet also talks about generation gap. Adam is father and Cain is metaphorically represented new generation. He talks about the language. The red stone are suggests multilingual new generation. Poet compares Cain (son of Adam) with African man that Cain is wonderer and he doesn’t have any kind of aim in his life. He just wanders here and there without destination. Same man have not aim in their life. Poet indirectly satirized modern men. The tower of Babel is symbol of unity. Because when tower is constructed, people wanted to this tower is a tower of oneness or unity. But god gives them different languages and makes them different through language. The line “And O of this dark halo were the tired head free.” Poet tries to be free from this dark halo.  

7)  Dedication

This poem is written by Wole Soyinka. This poem is kind of advice of new coming generation. Poet dedicated this poem to new born child. Poetic persona has deep sense of life, so he gives advice to new generation, how to live in this world. What to do and what not to do. We compare this poem with Mark Zukerburge’s letter to his new born baby. In which he gives advice to his daughter and hope for better future of his daughter. Poetic persona gives both negative and positive advice to new generation. With the use of different images and metaphors he tries convey his message, like honey, scorpion, moon, sun, and many others. Through this poem poet hope for better society, because his life's passed away but he think that his child makes society better. The child itself is dedication to society.